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Cost Components

Cost components are different types of costs that make up the value of an inventory increase or decrease.

The below table shows the different cost components and any subordinate cost components that they consist of.

Cost component Subordinate cost component Description
Direct cost Unit cost (direct purchase price) Cost that can be traced to a cost object.
Freight cost (item charge)
Insurance cost (item charge)
Indirect cost Cost that cannot be traced to a cost object.
Variance Purchase variance The difference between actual and standard costs, which is only posted for items using the Standard costing method.
Material variance
Capacity variance
Subcontracted variance
Capacity overhead variance
Manufacturing overhead variance
Revaluation A depreciation or appreciation of the current inventory value.
Rounding Residuals caused by the way in which valuation of inventory decreases are calculated.

Freight and insurance costs are item charges that can be added to an item’s cost at any time. When you run the Adjust Cost – Item Entries batch job, the value of any related inventory decreases are updated accordingly.

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